What I Don’t Believe: Atlantis (1/3)
This is the first in a three post series on subjects in the occult that I don’t believe in. Partially, I expect to stir some controversy, but really I want to talk about credulity and credibility, and also the pernicious nature of some of the teachings of the occult.
So: I don’t believe in Atlantis. Or rather, I don’t believe that Atlantis, as Plato in Timaeus 24e-25a describes it:
For it is related in our records how once upon a time your State stayed the course of a mighty host, which, starting from a distant point in the Atlantic ocean, was insolently advancing to attack the whole of Europe, and Asia to boot. For the ocean there was at that time navigable; for in front of the mouth which you Greeks call, as you say, ‘the pillars of Heracles,’ there lay an island which was larger than Libya and Asia together; and it was possible for the travelers of that time to cross from it to the other islands, and from the islands to the whole of the continent over against them which encompasses that veritable ocean. For all that we have here, lying within the mouth of which we speak, is evidently a haven having a narrow entrance; but that yonder is a real ocean, and the land surrounding it may most rightly be called, in the fullest and truest sense, a continent. Now in this island of Atlantis there existed a confederation of kings, of great and marvelous power, which held sway over all the island, and over many other islands also and parts of the continent.
There is not any particularly good evidence that such a continent ever existed.
That’s not to say there aren’t lost civilizations, lost knowledge, and lost wisdom. By no means! One of the single most important books to a working theurgist — the Chaldean Oracles — is lost. All we have are fragments, many of which are just a phrase or two quoted by someone else. Moreover, there are whole writing systems, such as Rongorongo, that we cannot read, presumably with lost wisdom of their own. But none of these come from Atlantis.
It’s not the assertion that Atlantis exists that I have a problem with. It’s the racist and dismissive undertones that go along with it. One claim often made in occult circles about Atlantis is that every ancient culture got a “leg up” by settlers from the failing Atlantis. If the colonialist assumptions here don’t jump right out at you, well, you need to read Edward Said. After all, if the poor benighted people of whatever country couldn’t get their stuff together until some external colonialists taught them how to do it, that justifies our own colonialism, doesn’t it? At the same time, you got a nice dose of orientalism: the mystical and wise teachings of Other Culture Here all come from the same foundations. They’re all the same, just as those Other People are all the same.
This is a bit like the old claim of the Perennial Philosophy, but it’s got extra scoops of ignorance, because rather than just saying “there are a lot of similarities between the teachings of diverse cultures” (something I do agree with), it says “and this similarity must be because of some sunken continent.” Couldn’t it — wouldn’t it, more likely — be from the fact that human beings are very similar and are perceiving very similar truths? If we all perceive an elephant, no one suggests that our ways of seeing and touching the elephant must have come from Atlantis.
Will we find sunken remains of cities? Sure. Underwater archeology is actually a thing. Are they Atlantis? Not in the sense of a wise and terrible continent sunk for its own arrogance and also the font of all the wisdom of the Orient and elsewhere. Could there have been a historical Atlantis, perhaps not so large as Plato suggests? Absolutely. But it’s not the Occult Atlantis of the New Age movement.
And don’t even get me started on Lemuria.